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Dumpling Skins jiao zi pi
50 skins

2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1 1/4 cups boiling water

Place the flour in a mixing bowl and add the boiling water. With
a wooden spoon, mix the ingredients to a rough ball. If the dough
is too hot to handle, let it cool a bit; then turn it out onto a
lightly floured surface and need for about 5 minutes, until it is
smooth and elastic. If the dough is too sticky, need a few
tablespoons of flour into it. Cover the dough and let it rest for
25 minutes.

Cut the dough in two and form each half into a long snakelike roll
about 1 inch in diameter. Cut each half into 25 pieces. with a
cut edge down, press each into a circle. Using a small rolling
pin or a tortilla press that has been lightly floured, roll out
each piece into a 3-inch circle. Cover the circles with a cloth
or towel to prevent drying.



Jiao Zi
50 Dumplings

1 1/2 cups finely minced Chinese cabbage (Napa)
1 tsp salt
3/4 pounds ground pork
1 cup finely minced Chinese garlic chives, leeks, or scallion greens

2 Tbs soy sauce
1 Tbs rice wine (shaohsing)
2 Tbs sesame oil
1 1/2 tsp minced ginger
1 1/2 tsp minced garlic

Place the minced cabbage in a large mixing bowl, add the salt, toss
lightly to mix evenly, and let sit for 30 min. (this is done to
remove the water from the cabbage, so the filling will not soak
through the dumpling skin.) Take a handful of minced cabbage and
squeeze out as much water as possible. Place the cabbage in a
mixing bowl. Squeeze out all the cabbage and discard water. Add
the pork, minced chives, and "dumpling seasoning". Stir vigorously
in to combine the ingredients evenly. (If the mixture seems loose,
add 2 Tbs cornstarch to bind it together.)

Place a heaping tablespoon of filling in the center of each dumpling
skin, and fold the skin over to make a half-moon shape. Spread a
little water along the edge of the skin. Use the thumb and index
finger of one hand to form small pleats along the outside edge of
the skin; with the other hand, press the two opposite edges of
the skin together to seal. The inside edge of the dumpling should
curve in a semi-circular fashion to conform to the shape of the
pleated edge. Place the sealed edge dumplings on a baking sheet
that has been lightly dusted with cornstarch or flour.

In a large wok or pot, bring about 3qts of water to a boil. Add
half the dumplings, stirring immediately to prevent them from
sticking together, and heat until the water begins to boil. Add
1/2 cup cold water and continue to cook over high heat until the
water boils. Add another 1/2 cup cold water and cook until the
water boils again. Remove and drain. Cook the remaining dumplings
in the same manner. (this is the traditional method of cooking
dumplings; for a simpler method, boild for about 8 minutes, uncovered,
on high heat.


Serve the cooked dumplings with one (or both) of the following
dipping sauces:

Dipping Sauce I

1/2 cup soy sauce
3 Tbs Chinese Black vinegar or Worcestershire sauce


Dipping Sauce II

1/2 cup soy sauce
2 Tbs Chinese Black vinegar or Worcestershire sauce
1 Tbs chili oil or chili paste with garlic


Variation

Add 1 Tbs shredded gingerroot or minced garlic to either of the sauces.


Pan Fried Dumplings Guo Tie
25 dumplings

3 1/2 Tbs peanut oil
5 meat dumpling from above
1 cup boiling water

Heat a large wok or well-seasoned skillet until very hot. Add
three tablespoons of oil and and heat until hot. Place the dumplings
in the pan, pleated side up. Fry the dumplings over medium heat
until their bottoms are a deep golden brown. Add the boiling water
to the pan and cover. Reduce the heat to low and cook for about
10 minutes. Uncover, and pour out the water. Lightly rinse the
dumplings for 5 seconds under hot running water to remove excess
starch*. Drain. Place the pan containing the dumplings over
medium-high heat. Drizzle 1/2 Tbs of oil around the dumplings and
fry until the bottoms are again crisp (about 2 minutes). Loosen
any dumplings that seem to be stuck to the bottom.

* I have only had to rinse when I have made the skins myself.

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