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LOCATION: Recipes >> German >> Brotchen 04

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Brotchen

1 cup and 2 Tbsp (250ml) warm water (115F or 40C)
1 1/2 tsp. dry yeast (1 pkg)
2 tsp. sugar
1 Tbsp 3 1/2 + 1/3 cups (500g) flour
less than 1 tsp. salt
2 Tbsp + 2 tsp. oil

You can use a bread machine for making the dough, which takes about
1 1/2 hours. If you don't have a bread machine you still can do
it. First part without a bread machine: You need a handmixer with
the hooks attached. Mix all the ingredients with the mixer on low
speed first, and than on medium until the dough becomes soft and
separates from the bowl. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and let
stand in warm place until dough doubles, about 1 hour or less. You
can use as a warm place another larger bowl of warm (105F or 40C)
water.

First part with a bread machine: Put all the ingredients into the
dough making cycle of the machine. This will take about 1 1/2 hours.

Second part for both: Grease a bread sheet or pizza pan with cooking
oil (do not use Crisco). For best results use one with little holes
in the bottom. Preheat the oven to 105F (40C). Turn the oven on
350F (180C) for about 1 minute, if you can't touch the rack in the
oven then it is too hot, this is only to give an ideal climate for
the yeast to rise. If you are not to sure about this you might get
an oven thermometer to check. When it has reached the right
temperature just turn the oven off. Take the dough out of its
container, press the dough down, until all the gases escape. Cut
in 8 pieces, and form balls. Flatten them out in your hand to a
diameter of 4 inches (10 cm) and put them on the baking sheet. At
this point you can brush them with water and sprinkle sesame, poppy
or caraway seeds on them, or just leave them as they are. Put the
rolls in the oven for about 30-40 minutes. They should rise again.
Take out of the oven and cut the top, the cut has to go down to
the center of the dough. It's best to use a convection oven for
even browning, but again a regular oven will do. Just put the baking
sheet in the oven, without preheating, don't worry if the oven is
still warm from the rise. Set the temperature to 375F (200C) for
regular ovens and 350F (180C) for convection ovens. After about
5-10 minutes take a pump spray bottle filled with water and spray
4 to 5 times onto the bottom of the oven, this will make the rolls
crisp. Do not put a pan filled with water in the bottom of the
oven, because too much moisture will make them hard. The rolls
should be done after 30-40 minutes when they are nice and brown.

If you are using a convection oven, and your rolls are on a baking
sheet without little holes in it, you will have to turn the rolls
about 5 minutes before they are done over, or they will not brown
on the bottom. If the crust of your rolls turned out to be to hard,
just reduce the amount of sprayed water. The rolls will be good
for about 2 days, after that they will become dry and hard.

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