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LOCATION: Recipes >> Indian >> Naan 08

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2 1/2 cups warm water
1 teaspoon dry yeast
1 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
4 cups unbleached hard white or all-purpose flour -- (4 to 5)
1 tablespoon salt
1 teaspoon Nigella (black onion seed)

You will need a large bowl, and unglazed quarry tiles or a baking
stone for the next-to-bottom rack of your oven. Place water in a
large bread bowl, add yeast, and stir. Add whole wheat flour and
1 cup white flour and stir well, then stir 100 times in the same
direction to develop the gluten (one minute). Let this sponge stand
for 1/2 hour to 3 hours, covered. Sprinkle salt over the sponge,
then add another cup flour and stir. Continue adding flour and
stirring until you can stir no longer. Turn dough out onto a lightly
floured surface and knead thoroughly, about ten minutes, until
dough is smooth and easy to handle. Clean out bowl, oil lightly,
and return dough to bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and let rise in
a convenient place for 2 to 3 hours.

When the dough has more than doubled in volume, push down gently
and turn out onto a lightly floured surface. Divide the dough into
eight equal pieces and shape each into a flat oval shape, approximately
4 inches wide by 8 inches long. Leave these flat disks out on the
work surface and cover with plastic wrap to let rise for approximately
20 minutes.

Place quarry tiles or large baking stone on a rack in the lower
third of your oven, leaving a 1 inch space between the tiles and
the oven wall to allow air to circulate. Preheat oven to 450'F.
Five minutes after the oven has preheated, begin shaping the first
bread. Place a small bowl full of cold water by the edge of your
work surface. Using your fingertips, first dip them in the water
and then, beginning at one end of the disk of dough, make tightly
spaced indentations all over the surface of the dough, so that it
looks pitted, though not pierced through. Now stretch the dough
gently into a long oval strip by draping it over both hands and
pulling them apart gently. The dough should stretch and give, and
after several tries will extend to make a long oval about 12 inches
long with attractive stretch marks along it from the stretched
indentations (hence, the name "snowshoe bread"). Place the bread
back on the work surface, sprinkle with a pinch (less than 1/8
teaspoon) of black onion seeds, then using both hands, place the
bread directly on heated quarry tiles or stone. While the bread
bakes, begin to shape the next bread. Cooking time for each bread
is approximately 4 minutes. You will soon develop a rhythm so that
you can bake two breads side by side across your oven, one going
in when the other is half done.

When done, breads will have golden patches on top and a crusty
browned bottom surface. To keep breads warm and soft, wrap them in
a cotton cloth five minutes after they come out of the oven. Serve
warm or at room temperature.

Yield: 8 rippled flatbreads about 12 inches long and 3 to 5 inches
wide, with both soft and crispy textures.


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